Why we all divide between ATF and TFF
Both concepts – ATF and TFF mode of operation - see broad use in the pharma industry. These are the conceptual differences.
Alternating-Tangential-Flow – ATF - a method for perfusion mode operation for continues cultivation under semi-steady-state conditions. Sequentially a broth portion (feed solution) is taken from the bioreactor and alternating (reciprocating) pass the porous membrane. The membrane insure cells in the broth is kept inside the broth (bioreactor) allowing the product to pass the membrane. Most of the broth is circulated back to the feed SUB, STR as retentate.
ATF mode of operation benefit from a Laser controlled alternating diaphragm pump such as the scalable Thalia from www.perfusecell.com able to keep the HFF clean.
Tangential-Flow-Filtration – TFF - a separation method based on range of devices, which allow selected components under pressure to pass (tangentially) from one liquid volume into another liquid volume crossing the “membrane” (cross-flow-filter). In Tangential-Flow-Filtration, a pump drives the feed solution to constantly flow parallel to the surface of the porous membrane. Driven by pressure, some of the feed solution passes through the membrane filter as permeate. Most of the broth is circulated back to the feed SUB, STR as retentate.
TFF mode of operation benefit from the scalable Clio Laser controlled diaphragm O-SUP able to keep the HFF clean.
LowRider bottom broth outlet supports Single-Use-Pumps, which are not able to such broth up via a deeptube through the headplate. Thus forced into the TTF mode of operation.